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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 222-226

Oral submucous fibrosis in India: Are we progressing??

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Yashas Dental Health Care Centre, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, The Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, KLE Institute of Dental Sciences, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
P B Hebbar
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Yashas Dental Health Care Centre, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.146724

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Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) a condition first described in the 1950s in the modern literature still remains elusive of a cure. For many years this condition had been confined to countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, etc., but now this condition is being reported from Western countries as well. Inspite of intensive research over the years into the etiologic factors of OSMF, a single etiologic factor cannot be pointed out with certainty rather several causative factors have been proposed. Patients suffering with OSMF initially present with a blanched or marble-like pale mucosa, vesiculations, and also intolerance to hot and spicy food. Gradually, the patient may develop fibrous bands in the buccal and labial mucosa which causes a restriction in opening the mouth. The evidence for the various treatment modalities for OSMF is weak hence better documentation of the studies performed with standardized criteria is required. The current review aims to refresh our knowledge regarding OSMF from an Indian perspective and make a few suggestions to fill the lacunae in this field.


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