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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 259-261

Pattern of childhood malignant tumors at a teaching hospital in Kano, Northern Nigeria: A prospective study

1 Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Histopathology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
S U Abdullahi
Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital Kano
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.146765

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Background: Childhood cancers represent an important global public health problem. Survival is still dismal in most low income countries. Materials and Methods: A prospective study of childhood cancers diagnosed at AKTH, Kano was undertaken from January 2003 to December 2009 to determine the pattern, socio-economic and geographical features. Results: Malignant lymphomas constituted 46.5% of all cases, of which 30.1% were Burkitt's lymphoma, 9.8% were Non-Hodgkin (non Burkitt's) lymphoma and 6.6% were Hodgkin lymphoma. Retinoblastoma was the second most common malignancy constituting 15.2% of all cases, followed by Nephroblastoma 12.5% and acute leukemia's accounted for 14.1% of all cases. Others were Neuroblastoma 5.5%, Rhabdomyosarcoma 1.9% and CNS and Hepatissc tumors 4.3%. About 80% of parents of these children are very poor and could not afford the cost of treatment. Fifty one percent of the patients were alive at 12 months and the mortality was 24%. Conclusion: Childhood cancer is common in Kano. Free treatment is what is required since majority of the parents could not afford the cost of treatment.


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