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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 319-323

Knowledge, attitude and practice of cervical cancer screening in women visiting a tertiary care hospital of Delhi

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospitals, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National Institute of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
M Singh
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospitals, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.146780

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Background: Cervical cancer being a major cause of morbidity and mortality in women in developing countries, its awareness is essential. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of women regarding the basic screening test for detection of cancer cervix. Settings and Design: Population based cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional prospective study was conducted. Information from consenting participants (450) was collected using structured questionnaire. Answers were described in terms of knowledge, attitude and practice and their respective adequacy with respect to Papanicolaou (Pap) test, the most common test used for early detection of cervical cancer. Adequacy was compared between the categories of socio demographic and clinical variables. Statistical Analysis: The data collected was analyzed using statistical package (SPSS version 18.0). Adequacy was compared between the categories of the control variables by χ2 test with a 5% significance level. Results: Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding Pap test were adequate in 32.7%, 18.2% and 7.3% of women respectively. Major impediment to adequate practice was lack of request by physician. Knowledge, attitudes and practices were found to increase significantly with increasing age and education. Conclusion: Effective information, education and communication strategies are required to improve the level of awareness of public. Health-care professional should be proactive in imparting knowledge at every opportunity.


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