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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 609-613

Effect of aged garlic extract on immune responses to experimental fibrosarcoma tumor in BALB/c mice


1 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Amol University of Special Modern Technologies, Amol, Iran
2 Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Correspondence Address:
M Abouhosseini Tabari
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Amol University of Special Modern Technologies, Amol
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.175359

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Background: Aged garlic extract (AGE) has many biological activities including radical scavenging, antioxidative and immunomodulative effects. Aim: In this research work, the antitumor and immunomodulatory effects of AGE against fibrosarcoma implanted tumor were studied. Materials And Methods: WEHI-164 fibrosarcoma cells were implanted subcutaneously on day 0 into the right flank of 40 BALB/c mice at age of 8 weeks. Mice were randomly categorized in two separate groups: First received AGE (100 mg/kg, IP), second group as the control group received phosphate buffered saline. Treatments were carried out 3 times/week. Tumor growth was measured and morbidity was recorded. Subpopulations of CD4+/CD8+ T cells were determined using flow cytometry. WEHI-164 cell specific cytotoxicity of splenocytes and in vitro production of interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin-4 cytokines were measured. Results: The mice received AGE had significantly longer survival time compared with the control mice. The inhibitory effect on tumor growth was seen in AGE treated mice. The CD4+/CD8+ ratio and in vitro IFN-γ production of splenocytes were significantly increased in AGE group. WEHI-164 specific cytotoxicity of splenocytes from AGE mice was also significantly increased at 25:1 E: T ratio. Conclusion: Administration of AGE resulted in improved immune responses against experimentally implanted fibrosarcoma tumors in BALB/c mice. AGE showed significant effects on inhibition of tumor growth and longevity of survival times.






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