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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 682-684

Tumor recurrence and tumor-related mortality in endometrial cancer: Analysis in 276 patients


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain

Correspondence Address:
J S Jimñnez-López
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid
Spain
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.178425

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BACKGROUND: In this manuscript, we assessed tumor recurrence and tumor-related mortality in a clinical series of endometrial cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 276 patients (mean age 64 years) with histologically confirmed endometrial cancer treated at a single hospital in Madrid (Spain) was conducted. The median follow-up was estimated using the inverse Kaplan–Meier method. RESULTS: Salient findings were endometrioid carcinoma (84.8% of cases), grade G1 (48.9%) and stages IB (35.1%) and IC (23.2%). Myometrial infiltration >50% was documented in 31.2% of cases and lymphovascular space invasion in 11.9%. After surgery, 52.5% of patients were classified into the low risk group, 21.4% into the intermediate risk group and 26.1% into the high risk group. Tumor recurrence occurred in 14.5% of patients, with an estimated median follow-up of 45 months (95% confidence interval (CI): 41.2–48.8), locoregional recurrence in 42.5% and distant recurrences in 57.5%. Furthermore, 40% of tumor recurrences developed during the first year after primary treatment and 90% over the first 3 years of follow-up. The tumor-related mortality rate was 15.9%. The estimated median follow-up was 46 months (95% CI: 43.0–49.0). Furthermore, 5.07% of death because of tumor developed during the first year after primary treatment and 13.77% over the first 3 years of follow-up. CONCLUSION: The rates of tumor-related death and tumor recurrence in endometrial cancer patients are low, with the highest percentages occurring within 3 years of primary treatment. Most of the recurrences occur outside the pelvis.






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