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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 429-431

Incidence of prostate cancer at a single tertiary care center in North Karnataka


1 Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Urology, KLES Kidney Foundation, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
MB Hiremath
Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.200671

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CONTEXT: Prostate cancer (PC) remains one of the most common cancers affecting men today. Thus, understanding the prevalence, disease characteristics, and changing demographics of Indian PC patients has emerged as an important aspect of study. AIMS: We aimed to present the case series of PC patients from single tertiary care center in North Karnataka. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study designed over a period of 8 years from 2007 to 2015 was conducted in the Department of Urology, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital, Belagavi, Karnataka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 471 newly diagnosed patients with PC from 2007 to 2015 were included in the study. Sociodemographic, clinical characteristics, radiological and histopathological findings of all patients were collected and analyzed for the risk of PC. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: The statistical analysis used in this study was IBM SPSS Statistics software Inc., version 20.0. RESULTS: A total of 471 patients were diagnosed with PC, the mean age at presentation was 70 years, and mean prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level was 37.71 ng/mL. Digital rectal examination (DRE) was abnormal in 87.5% of 471 cases. Significant correlation was observed between PSA level and DRE (P = 0.0005), correlation of PSA and Gleason's score was P = 0.0006, and histopathological results showed high risk in patients (P = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first hospital-based study of PC incidence with clinical and histopathological features. PC remains an important public health problem with increasing incidence and significant burden on health-care resources in India.






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