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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 115-119

The comparison of thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy and open esophagectomy: A meta-analysis


1 Department of Thoracic Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China
2 Thoracic Cancer Treatment Center, Armed Police Beijing Corps Hospital, Beijing, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Y Gao
Department of Thoracic Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_192_17

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OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) and open esophagectomy (OE) in the treatment of esophageal cancer. METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar databases for relevant keywords and the medical subject headings. After we had screened further, 13 clinical trials were included in the final meta-analysis. Specific odds ratios (ORs), standardized mean differences (SMDs), mean differences (MDs), and confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: The outcomes of treatment effects included anastomotic leakage, blood loss, number of lymph nodes harvested, and operating time. Comparing OE for esophageal cancer patients, the pooled OR of anastomotic leakage was 0.89 (95% CI = [0.47, 1.68]), the pooled SMD of blood loss was − 0.56 (95% CI = [−0.77, −0.35]), the pooled MD of lymph nodes harvested was − 0.93 (95% CI = [−2.35, 0.50]), and the pooled SMD of operating time was 0.31 (95% CI = [0.02, 0.59]). CONCLUSION: TLE was found to significantly decrease patients' blood loss. There is no difference of anastomotic leakage and the number of lymph nodes harvested between TLE and OE.






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