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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 182-186

First-line therapy outcomes in patients with advanced stage nonsmall cell lung cancer treated at nongovernment tertiary care centrer in India: Experience from a real world practice


Department of Medical Oncology, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S S Hingmire
Department of Medical Oncology, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.219594

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INTRODUCTION: Reports on first line or subsequent treatment and their outcomes for patients with advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in India are scarce. The present study is an attempt to understand real world practice scenario of first-line therapy and outcome in advanced stage NSCLC patients. METHODS: Observational study was conducted at a nongovernment tertiary cancer care center. Totally 83 patients with newly diagnosed advanced NSCLC who were evaluated for further treatment from 2008 onward were included in the study. RESULTS: Best supportive care was the only treatment received in 11/83 patients. Sixty-three patients received platinum-based doublet chemotherapy and nine received epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) as first-line therapy. Pemetrexed and platinum was the most common first-line chemotherapy (56%) regimen used. First-line chemotherapy had to be discontinued in these eight patients due to Grade III/IV toxicity. Disease control rate with the first-line chemotherapy was 70% (partial response 38%, stable disease 32%). Median overall survival (OS) was 17 months with OS at 1 and 2 years was 52% and 29.5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: First-line platinum-based chemotherapy is feasible and does achieve disease control in the majority of patients with advanced NSCLC. Strategies of selection of therapy based on histology and the presence of driver mutations, use of small molecule TKI, maintenance therapy and multiple lines of therapies are being increasingly implemented in clinical practice and thus improving survival of Indian patients of NSCLC.






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