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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 223-227

The efficacy and safety of preoperative chemotherapy for patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer: A meta-analysis


Department of Thoracic Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. T Yan
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_60_17

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BACKGROUND: The efficacy of surgery alone for patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still unsatisfactory. Preoperative chemotherapy (PCT) is proven effective induction therapies followed by surgery; however, few their superiority remains uncertain. We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the PCT for NSCLC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed in the PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Cochrane databases. NSCLC patients treated with PCT plus surgery (PCT-S) or surgery (S) alone between 2006 and 2016 were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of eleven studies, involving a total of 2999 patients, were finally enrolled in this meta-analysis. Meta-analysis shows that PCT-S might have lower recurrence rate than S (odds ratio [OR] = 0.75, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.60, 0.94], P = 0.01). However, no differences were found between two groups in overall survival rate (OR = 1.26, 95% CI [0.92, 1.72], P = 0.15) and (OR = 1.12, 95% CI [0.93, 1.33], P = 0.23), 3-year disease-free survival rate (OR = 1.22, 95% CI [0.73, 2.04], P = 0.44) and intraoperative and postoperative complication rates (OR = 1.24, 95% CI [0.89,1.74], P = 0.20). CONCLUSIONS: Two treatments have similar safety and efficacy. However, PCT can reduce the rate of local and distant recurrence, which is an independent risk factor for NSCLC prognosis and may improve the prognosis of NSCLC.






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