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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47-51

Efficacy and safety of first-line systemic chemotherapy with epirubicin, cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil and docetaxel, cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil regimens in locally advanced inoperable or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma: A prospective phase II study from South India


Department of Medical Oncology, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. T Chaudhuri
Department of Medical Oncology, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_168_17

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BACKGROUND: Patients with locally advanced inoperable or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma have a poor prognosis. The maximum benefit of systemic chemotherapy is usually achieved in the first-line setting. Even though systemic chemotherapy has been used for long time, in view of unsatisfactory results, no standard regimen has been emerged. Unfortunately, till date, there is no published prospective data from India, comparing the two most commonly used triplet regimens, epirubicin, cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil (ECF) and docetaxel, cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil (DCF), in this patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of the first-line systemic chemotherapy with ECF and DCF regimens in locally advanced inoperable or metastatic gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). The secondary endpoints were overall response rate, progression-free survival (PFS), and toxicity profile. RESULTS: Between January 2015 and December 2016, 58 patients were assigned and treated with ECF (n = 30) or DCF (n = 28) regimens. The median OS was 9.4 months with ECF and 12.5 months with DCF regimen (log-rank, P = 0.000), while median PFS was 5.8 and 7.5 months, respectively (log-rank, P = 0.002). Patients in the DCF arm had more frequent reductions in chemotherapy doses than those of the ECF arm (28.6% vs. 16.7%; P = 0.54). As compared with the ECF, the DCF regimen was associated with more frequent Grades 3–4 toxicities-neutropenia (16.7% vs. 39.3%, P = 0.17), febrile neutropenia (13.3% vs. 25%, P = 0.52), mucositis (6.7% vs. 17.8%, P = 0.43), and diarrhea (6.7% vs. 14.3%, P = 0.67). CONCLUSIONS: In comparison to ECF, the DCF regimen was associated with a statistically significant 3.1 months longer median OS without any significant increase in Grades 3–4 toxicities. DCF can be considered as one of the reference regimens, in properly selected patients with advanced/metastatic gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma.






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