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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 115-121

Influence of supportive care on chemotherapy patients' self-care behaviour and satisfaction: A pilot study conducted in Karachi, Pakistan


1 Senior Instructor, Aga Khan University School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Oncology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan
3 Master in Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Lecturer, Department of Family Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan
4 Ph.D, Dean, National University of Medical Sciences, Pakistan
5 Assistant Professor, Aga Khan University School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Salima Shams
Senior Instructor, Aga Khan University School of Nursing and Midwifery
Pakistan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_621_17

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Background and Aim: Cancer is a daunting illness affecting a vast number of people globally. During the illness trajectory, cancer patients suffer from physical and/or psychosocial issues. These physical and psychosocial issues demand conscious actions by patients to maintain their well-being. Hence, the objective of the pilot study was to evaluate the level of self-care behaviors and satisfaction in women suffering from cancer after exposure to supportive care (education and mind diversion activities) delivered via a patient help group program. Methods: The study was conducted at the chemotherapy day care unit of one of the tertiary care hospitals located in Karachi, Pakistan. In this study, supportive care interventions were offered via the patient help group program over a 5-week period, and in the 6th week, data were collected. The total sample size of this pilot study was n = 17. Female cancer patients receiving weekly chemotherapy regimen and diagnosed with breast or gynecological cancers were a part of the study. Outcome variables, self-care behavior and satisfaction, were assessed via a self-developed questionnaire. Content validity index of the questionnaire was calculated on the basis of expert review and was found to be 96% for relevancy and 94% for clarity. Frequencies were calculated to evaluate outcome variables. Outcome variable satisfaction was also assessed via few open-ended questions. Results: Participants reported moderate-to-high self-care behaviors and satisfaction after exposure to supportive care interventions delivered via the patient help group program. Conclusion: Counseling and mind diversion activities are effective in producing a positive change in chemotherapy patients' self-care behaviors and satisfaction. Therefore, oncology nurses must utilize them in chemotherapy patient care. Future studies should evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions with larger sample size and comparative analysis.






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