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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 88-93

Docetaxel/Oxaliplatin/Capecitabine (TEX) triplet followed by continuation monotherapy in advanced gastric cancer


1 Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Medical Oncology, Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
3 H M Patel Center for Medical Care and Education, Karamsad, Gujarat, India
4 Statistician (Clinical Research Secretariat), Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
5 Department of Surgical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anant Ramaswamy
Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_353_17

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Introduction: Docetaxel/oxaliplatin/capecitabine (TEX) is a commonly used combination chemotherapeutic regimen in advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Application strategies in routine clinical practice are reported in this study. Materials and Methods: Patients diagnosed with AGC, receiving biweekly TEX (docetaxel - 60 mg/m (2)-D1; oxaliplatin - 85 mg/m (2)-D1, and capecitabine 500–625 mg/m (2) orally twice daily for 14 days) between July 2012 and May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed for tolerance, prognostic factors, event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS). The proportion of patients continuing and terminating chemotherapy at various time-points was enumerated. Results: Overall, 208 patients were started on TEX. Median EFS was 6.34 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 5.80–6.87), and median OS was 15.31 (95% CI 12.65–17.96). Post 8 cycles of TEX, further 30 patients (14.4%) were continued on chemotherapy (docetaxel, capecitabine, or TEX) whereas 47 patients (22.6%) were on observation only, and there was a statistically significant difference in the median OS of these two groups (22.55 months vs. 14.89 months; P = 0.028). Raised serum alkaline phosphatase (SAP) levels (>100 U/L) predicted inferior survival (P = 0.006). Conclusion: TEX chemotherapy is a feasible, efficacious triplet regimen that can be used in clinical practice. SAP levels >100 U/L is a poor prognostic factor, as observed in this study. An initial “induction” such as combination chemotherapy regimen followed by monotherapy as continuation requires further evaluation.






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