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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 170-175

Stereotactic body radiotherapy for lung tumors: Dosimetric analysis and clinical outcome


1 Department of Radiation Oncology, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Medical Oncology, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Medical Oncology, Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Surgical Oncology, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dipanjan Majumder
Department of Radiation Oncology, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_555_17

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INTRODUCTION: Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has emerged as an important modality in malignant lung tumor treatment both in early localized primary and oligometastatic setting. This study aims to present the results of lung SBRT both in terms of dosimetry and clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven patients were assessed from 2012 to 2016. Both the primary and oligometastatic lung tumors were evaluated. Respiratory motion management was done employing ANZAI (Siemens, Germany) based four-dimensional computed tomography (CT). Commonly used fractionations were 60 Gy/5 fractions for peripheral tumors and 48 Gy/6 fractions for central tumors. Radiation Therapy Oncology Group toxicity criteria were used for toxicity and whole-body positron emission tomography-CT scan was done at follow-up for response evaluation. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were evaluated, 18 (66.7%) patients had a primary, and 9 (33.3%) patients had metastatic lung tumors. The male-to-female ratio for the entire cohort was 2:1. The median age at diagnosis was 65.8 years. Mean planning target volume (PTV) D2cc was 54.9 ± 9.04 Gy and mean internal target volume diameter was 3.0 ± 1.07 cm. Mean V20 Gy, V10 Gy, and V5 Gy of (lungs total-PTV) and (Lung ipsilateral - PTV) were 5.4 ± 4% and 10.9 ± 7.9%, 11.7 ± 5.8% and 24.2 ± 14.0%, and 22.05 ± 12.4% and 33.2 ± 15.3%, respectively. In total 21 (84%) patients and 4 patients (16%) showed a complete and partial response, respectively. One (3%) patient developed Gr 3 radiation pneumonitis. One year local control was in 18 (81%) patients whereas 4 (14%) patients progressed and three patients did not report. A higher prescribed dose significantly correlated with 1 year tumor control (P = 0.036). CONCLUSION: This study infers the feasibility and a favorable outcome for lung cancer amenable to SBRT in addition to being one of the largest clinical experiences for lung stereotactic treatment in our country.






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