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 »  Burden of Childh...
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 »  Survival from Ch...
 »  Mortality from C...
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 264-273

Epidemiology of childhood cancer in India

1 Clinical research Fellow, Cancer Research UK Paediatric and Familial Cancer Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
2 Teenage Cancer Trust Professor of Teenage and Young Adult Cancer, Christie Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom
3 Consultant Pediatric Hematologist/Oncologist, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer, Institute & Research Centre, Delhi, India

Date of Web Publication9-Sep-2009

Correspondence Address:
R S Arora
Clinical research Fellow, Cancer Research UK Paediatric and Familial Cancer Research Group, University of Manchester, Manchester
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.55546

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 » Abstract 

There has been enormous progress in the treatment of childhood cancer in the developed world and the epidemiology in these countries is well described. Hitherto, there has been no attempt to systematically study the burden of childhood cancer in India or to understand how the occurrence and outcome of the disease varies across the country. We have reviewed the epidemiology (incidence, survival, and mortality) of childhood cancer across different population-based cancer registries in India and also compared it with data from the resource-rich countries. Incidence and mortality data were obtained from the National Cancer Registry Program Reports and the Cancer Incidence in 5 Continents publications. Further, a comprehensive review of medical literature was done for information on individual cancers as well as survival data. 1.6 to 4.8% of all cancer in India is seen in children below 15 years of age and the overall incidence of 38 to 124 per million children, per year, is lower than that in the developed world. The considerable inter-regional variation in incidence and mortality rates across India suggests a possible deficiency in ascertainment of cases and death notification, particularly in rural areas. The marked male preponderance of Hodgkin's disease, lower incidence of central nervous system tumors, and higher incidence of retinoblastoma merit further analysis.

Keywords: Childhood cancer, cancer registry, epidemiology, India, incidence, longitudinal trends, mortality, survival

How to cite this article:
Arora R S, Eden T, Kapoor G. Epidemiology of childhood cancer in India. Indian J Cancer 2009;46:264-73

How to cite this URL:
Arora R S, Eden T, Kapoor G. Epidemiology of childhood cancer in India. Indian J Cancer [serial online] 2009 [cited 2022 Sep 28];46:264-73. Available from:

 » Introduction Top

Thirteen percent of the annual deaths worldwide are cancer-related and 70% of these are in the low- and middle-income countries. [1] In India, the leading causes of cancer-related death are carcinoma of the cervix in women and carcinoma of the lung and lower airways in men. [2] The focus of the National Cancer Control Program of India has been on primary prevention, by promoting tobacco control and genital hygiene; secondary prevention by screening for cervical cancer, breast cancer, and oropharyngeal cancer; and palliative care. [3] Although child health continues to be the priority health issue, childhood cancer is not yet a major area of focus. The emphasis is on reduction in mortality of infants and under-fives, by promotion of breastfeeding, rational antibiotic therapy for acute respiratory infections, oral rehydration for diarrhea, an extensive immunization program, and appropriate prevention and treatment of malaria. [4]

Worldwide, the annual number of new cases of childhood cancer exceeds 200,000 and more than 80% of these are from the developing world. [5] Seven out of 10 children with cancer in the resource-rich countries are cured, with a five-year survival for certain cancers, for example, Hodgkin's disease and retinoblastoma, now 95%. [6],[7] Recent studies have shown that this success in survival can be replicated in the developing world through twinning programs and shared expertise. [8],[9],[10],[11] As we make progress in reducing infection-related childhood deaths in India, it is no longer acceptable to ignore children with cancer, who have an increasing likelihood of cure with appropriate treatment. A fundamental step in caring for these children is to estimate the current burden of childhood cancer in India and to understand how the occurrence and outcome of the disease varies across the country. In this context, this study aims to describe the epidemiology of childhood cancer in India. This will serve as a reference source for clinicians, epidemiologists, researchers, and health administrators. It should also be the stimulus for further research on the etiology of childhood cancer.

 » Methods Top

Information for this review was obtained from multiple sources. Current incidence and mortality rates were derived from the 2006 National Cancer Registry Program (NCRP) reports, from thirteen population-based cancer registries (PBCRs) across India - rural Ahmedabad, Barshi, Bangalore, Bhopal, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, and North-East (Aizawl District, Dibrugarh District, Kamrup Urban District, Silchar Town, Imphal West District, Sikkim State). [12],[13] Data from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Volume V to IX, published by the International Agency for Research in Cancer (IARC) were used to calculate longitudinal incidence trends from 1978 to 2002. [14],[15] Besides this, a comprehensive review of medical literature was done, for information on individual cancers as well as survival data.

 » Burden of Childhood Cancer Top

Cancer is generally regarded as a disease of adults. In England only 0.5% of all cancer cases occur in children less than 15 years of age. In India however, this proportion appears higher at 1.6-4.8% with variation by place of residence [Table 1]. This is related to the population structure (33% of the population in India is less than 15 years of age compared to 18% in England) and to a lower incidence in India of adult cancers attributed to a western life-style (e.g. carcinoma of the breast, large bowel, lung and prostate). Similarly, the differences in proportion of childhood cancer among different areas in India can also be a result of the underlying population structure but other factors like completeness of cancer registration as well as geographical variation in exposure to risk factors need to be considered.

Despite there being a higher proportion of childhood cancer in India relative to the developed world, it has not been a priority in healthcare. This is because of its contribution to overall childhood mortality. Excluding neonatal deaths, infectious and parasitic diseases are the most common cause of death in children in India. Only 2% of all deaths in this age group are reported to be cancer-related deaths. [16] This contrasts with data from England and Wales where injuries are the most common cause of death in children overall (21%) and cancer the most common cause of disease-related death (20%). [17]

 » Incidence of Childhood Cancer Top

Overall incidence: The incidence of childhood cancer in most populations in the world ranges from 75 to 150 per million children per year. [18],[19] However, the reported age of the standardized incidence rate for India ranges from 38 to 124 per million children per year [Table 1]. The highest incidence is reported from Chennai and the lowest from rural Ahmedabad. This suggests that either there is truly a lesser incidence of childhood cancer in some areas of India, or as is more likely, there is under-ascertainment of cases. The reported incidence in urban areas (Bangalore, Bhopal, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai) is generally higher than from rural areas (Barshi and Ahmedabad district) and more comparable with the average world incidence. Again, one can speculate that this can wholly or partly be attributed to under-ascertainment of cases and registration in rural areas, but this remains to be confirmed. It is also necessary to investigate if there are factors associated with urban living like overcrowding, air pollution, and so on, which contribute to a relatively higher incidence of childhood cancers in such areas.

Variation by sex: Overall cancer in childhood is more common among males than females and the male to female ratio in the most resource-rich countries is around 1.2:1. [7],[20] However, some cancers like retinoblastoma, Wilms' tumor, osteosarcoma, and germ cell tumor actually show a slight female preponderance. The reported incidence of childhood cancer in India in males (39-150 per million children per year) is higher than in females (23-97 per million children per year) in all PBCRs except in North East India [Table 1], and this gives a male to female ratio [Table 2] that is much higher than what is seen in the developed world. As incidence rates automatically adjust for the sex ratio in the underlying population, there have to be other reasons for this relatively higher incidence of childhood cancer in males seen in India. Gender bias in seeking healthcare, including treatment of cancer, is one possible explanation. [5] The male preponderance for most of the individual cancers types in Delhi would suggest this. One has to also consider other possibilities. Even after accounting for gender bias in seeking healthcare and the well-documented male preponderance of Hodgkin's disease (HD), the observation of a 12-fold higher incidence of HD in male children in Delhi is truly remarkable and novel, and needs to be further investigated. Also new is the observation that the incidence of childhood cancer in females in the North East is higher. It remains to be determined if this is a true difference or a registration artifact (cancer registration in the North East started in 2003).

Variation by cancer type: [Table 3] and [Table 4] Leukemia is the most common childhood cancer in India with relative proportion varying between 25 and 40%. Sixty to 85% of all leukemias reported are acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Compared to the developed world, the biology of ALL appears different in India, with a higher proportion of T-Cell ALL (20-50% as compared to 10-20% in the developed world), hypodiploidy and translocations t(1;19), t(9;22), and t(4;11), all of which contribute to a poorer prognosis of this leukemia. [21],[22],[23],[24] It has been proposed that T-Cell ALL predominates in economically disadvantaged areas, but with urbanization, industrialization, and increasing affluence, common ALL, which peaks in incidence between the age of 2 and 5 years, increases. [25]

In the developed world, CNS tumors are the second most common childhood cancer (22-25%) and lymphomas a distant third (10%). [7],[20] In contrast, in India lymphomas often exceed CNS tumors, particularly in males. Not only is the proportion of lymphomas higher in India, but HD exceeds non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), a pattern opposite to that seen in the developed world. This specifically seems to be a result of the high incidence of HD in male children in India (incidence rate of 8.2-19.6 per million children, per year, in Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, and Mumbai PBCRs compared to 5.7 in USA and 6.4 in Britain). [7],[20] In contrast, the incidence of HD in females and of NHL in both sexes is not very different from the incidence in the developed world. Besides differences in incidence, the pathobiology of these cancers is also different. Among NHL, the proportion of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is much higher and the proportion of mature B-cell (Burkitt's and Burkitt-like) lymphoma much lower in India than that seen in the developed world. [26] Similar to T-cell ALL, the higher proportion of T-cell NHL may be linked to lower socioeconomic status. Mixed cellularity is the most common Hodgkin's disease subtype and is responsible for the incidence peak at a younger age, as seen in India, compared to the peak seen at ages 16 to 30 years in the developed world, where nodular sclerosis is most common. [19] The high proportion of mixed cellularity in India is thought to be related to early childhood Ebstein Barr virus exposure. [27]

In the larger urban areas of Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, and Mumbai, the incidence rate of CNS tumors is 10-20 per million children, per year, which is half of that in the developed world. Interestingly, the incidence of CNS tumors in children in the developed world has increased in the last 30-40 years with increasing availability of CT and MRI scanners. [28] A relative paucity of neurodiagnostic and neurosurgical facilities, which leads to missed diagnosis in those presenting with headache, seizures, and altered sensorium, could explain the differences in incidence in India. Neuroblastoma, which is the second most common solid tumor in childhood after CNS tumors,, is much less frequently reported in India. Retinoblastoma has an incidence rate of three to five per million children, per year, and accounts for 2.5 to 4% of all childhood cancers in most developed countries. Barshi, Chennai, and Delhi report a 2-3 fold higher incidence of tumors of the eye (majority of which will be retinoblastoma in children <15 years of age), a finding that has also been previously reported. [29],[30] In North East India, while the incidence of tumors of the eye is not high, the proportion is 6 to 10% of all childhood cancer. The hospital-based cancer registry in Dibrugarh as well as case series from hospitals in North East India confirm their high proportion among childhood cancer. [31],[32],[33] Does this suggest that there is an increased occurrence of retinoblastoma in India or is it because of better diagnosis and recognition of retinoblastoma, which once at an advanced stage is easy to identify? In contrast there could possibly be under diagnosis of hematological and CNS neoplasms, which are often present with nonspecific symptoms like fever, anemia, seizures, and altered sensorium, and where diagnosis may depend on the awareness of the physician and availability of diagnostic facilities. Availability of more data from the recently established PBCRs in North East India will help to clarify this issue in the future. Variation is also seen in the incidence of tumors of the kidney (majority of which are Wilms' tumor in children <15 years age), with the incidence in Bangalore and Mumbai being half of that seen in Delhi, Chennai, and other developed countries.

 » Incidence Trends of Childhood Cancer Top

The incidence of childhood cancer is increasing by 1.1% every year in Europe, but the rate of change as well as the direction is different for individual cancer types. [34] The incidence of CNS tumors is increasing by 1.7%, lymphomas by 0.9%, and leukemias by 0.6%. On the other hand the incidence of bone tumors, liver tumors, and retinoblastoma is unchanged. [34] Part of these increases can be explained by changes in diagnostic methods and registration practices, but other environmental and lifestyle factors may have a role.

In India, the reported incidence of childhood cancer has increased over the last 25 years, but the increase is much larger in females (44-76% increase) than males (12-27% increase) [Figure 1]. This striking pattern of sex difference is also seen for leukemias where the increase in female children is even higher. The pattern of CNS tumors is very different, with a 55-120% increase seen in both sexes. Lymphomas show the least increase, and have actually declined in incidence in female children in Chennai. Several conclusions can be drawn from these observations and these need to be further investigated. The disproportionately higher increase in incidence of childhood cancer in females could reflect a shift in the attitude of society toward the female child. Improved case ascertainment in females would result in narrowing of the gap between the incidence of childhood cancer between males and females, which exists because of gender bias. The large increase in incidence in leukemia from Bangalore (190% in males and 275% in females) is likely to be a registration artifact as the registry was only established in 1982. If one considers the percentage of change in leukemia from 1983-1987 to 1988-2002 for Bangalore, that is, the last 20 years rather than 25 years, then the percentage increase is 7% for males and 73% for females. The large and consistent percentage increase in incidence of CNS tumors may be from increased exposure to an unidentified risk factor, or reflect an increased availability of neuroimaging and neurosurgery as has been seen in rest of the world. [28] Finally, one needs to differentiate between HD and NHL before drawing any conclusions from the trends in lymphomas.

 » Survival from Childhood Cancer Top

With centralization of treatment and enrollment in clinical trials, tremendous progress has been made in caring for children with cancer in the developed world and a five-year overall survival for all childhood cancers combined, is now 75-79% [Table 5]. [35],[36] Similar outcomes have been achieved in India in those treated at tertiary institutes like the Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai. [38] However, one cannot extrapolate these results to the whole population as often those who abandon treatment or are lost to follow-up are excluded from the analysis of hospital case series, and such patients may have a more advanced disease and a poorer outlook. PBCR survival data is a better representation of cancer outcomes across India and have been reported from Bangalore and Chennai where the five-year overall survival for all childhood cancers combined is 37-40% [Table 5]. The highest survival in India is seen for Wilms' tumor and Hodgkins' disease where approximately two-third of the children survive for five years or more. The survival for retinoblastoma and germ cell tumors, which are cancers with excellent prognosis in the developed world, is however, disappointingly low and may be related to an advanced stage at presentation and suboptimal chemotherapy regimens used. [41],[42] Also low is the prognosis for leukemia and CNS tumors where approximately only 33% and 25% of the children survive at five years. There is no survival data from rural PBCRs, but it is likely to be still lower.

Multiple inter-related factors are responsible for the poorer outlook of childhood cancer in India. Limited financial resources, lack of awareness of the meaning of symptoms, and difficulty in accessing healthcare, contribute to advanced stage presentation. Such a delay in presentation, along with unfavorable biology (e.g., as seen in ALL), leads to a need for more intense treatment, resulting in higher treatment-related morbidity and mortality. [5],[38] Treatment refusal or abandonment, besides treatment-related death, is a frequent unwanted outcome. [43] A higher five-year survival seen in those treated at specialist cancer centers and among those who complete their treatment, reinforces the importance of centralization of treatment and compliance. [29] Of late, twinning programs, which foster interactions between public hospitals in developing countries and established cancer treatment centers elsewhere, have been seen to reduce abandonment and improve survival elsewhere in the world. [8],[9],[10],[11] Similar strategies could be applied here. Clinical trials started by the Indian Cooperative Oncology Network (ICON, and adoption of the MCP841 protocol for ALL in major Indian centers have been steps in the right direction for improving childhood cancer outcome. [38]

 » Mortality from Childhood Cancer Top

Although cancer is the most common cause of disease-related death in children in the developed world, with improving survival rates, the mortality rate has declined to approximately 30 per million children per year. [7],[20] In India, the mortality rate (adjusted to world standard population) varies from 14 to 34 per million children per year [Table 6], and on first glance appears similar or even better than the developed world. However, the incidence of childhood cancer in some areas of India as discussed above, is much less than other parts of the world and the mortality:incidence (M:I) ratio rather than the mortality rate gives a more accurate picture of death from childhood cancer. This varies from 17 to 72% in India as compared to 20-24% for USA and Britain, [7],[20] and is particularly high in rural Ahmedabad (61%) and Barshi (72%). Among the major urban areas, the mortality rate as well as M:I ratio in Mumbai is 1.5 to 2 times higher than that of Bangalore, Bhopal, Chennai, and Delhi. The reliability of these statistics depends on the comprehensiveness of death notification and quality of death certification, which are much higher in Mumbai than other areas of India. [44] Therefore, data from Mumbai is probably a truer estimate of mortality in urban India.

The largest contributor to mortality from childhood cancer in Britain are CNS tumors, reflecting the relatively poor survival in this group, followed by leukemias and neuroblastomas. In contrast, in India, leukemia continues to be the largest contributor to cancer-related mortality in children followed by lymphomas and CNS tumors, which have similar mortality rates. This pattern is a result of the relatively high incidence of lymphomas, low incidence of CNS tumors, and a lower survival of all cancers, including leukemias in India.

 » Conclusion Top

We have reviewed the epidemiology (incidence, survival, and mortality) of childhood cancer across different PBCRs in India and also compared it with data from the resource-rich countries. This has highlighted certain facts and raised several questions, which need to be answered in future studies. The marked male preponderance of Hodgkin's disease, lower incidence of CNS tumors, and higher incidence of retinoblastoma merit further analysis. The considerable inter-regional variation in incidence and mortality rates across India suggests a possible deficiency in the ascertainment of cases and death notification, particularly in rural areas.

 » Acknowledgments Top

We would like to acknowledge that the data for much of this review has been taken from National Cancer Registry Program reports published by Indian Council of Medical Research, as well as from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Volume published by the International Agency for Research in Cancer, all of which are in the public domain.

 » References Top

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  [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4], [Table 5], [Table 6]

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South Asian Journal of Cancer. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 Retrospective Study of B Lymphoblastic Leukemia to Assess the Prevalence of TEL/AML1 in South India: A Study of 214 Cases and Review of Literature
Sandhya Devi G., Faiq Ahmed, Manasi C. Mundada, Rachna Khera, Lavanya Nambaru, Krishnamohan Mallavarapu, Pavan Kumar Boyella, Veerandra Patil, Pallavi Suresh Laddha, Senthil J. Rajappa
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2022;
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5 A Novel Compound Plumercine from Plumeria alba Exhibits Promising Anti-Leukemic Efficacies against B Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Aaheli Chatterjee, Amrita Pal, Santanu Paul
Nutrition and Cancer. 2022; : 1
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6 Retrospective single-center experience with OEPA/COPDAC and PET-CT based strategy for pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma in a LMIC setting
Achanya Palayullakandi, Amita Trehan, Richa Jain, Rajender Kumar, Bhagwant Rai Mittal, Rakesh Kapoor, Radhika Srinivasan, Nandita Kakkar, Deepak Bansal
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology. 2022; : 1
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7 Identification of novel genes by targeted exome sequencing in Retinoblastoma
Shilpa Bisht, Bhavna Chawla, Amit Kumar, Viswanathan Vijayan, Manoj Kumar, Pradeep Sharma, Rima Dada
Ophthalmic Genetics. 2022; : 1
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8 Correlation of preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME) gene expression with clinical characteristics in acute leukemia patients
Nagaraj V. Kulkarni, Reshma A. Shetty, Suchetha Kumari N, Vijith V. Shetty, Rajesh Krishna, Meenakshi Arumugam, Akanksha A. Kalal, Prashanth Shetty
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. 2022; 20(1)
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9 Profile of pediatric tumors: A 10-year study at a tertiary care center in North India
MushtaqAhmad Sofi, MohammadMaqbool Lone, Kaneez Fatima, Asifa Andleeb, Afroz Fir, NazirAhmad Khan, ArshadManzoor Najmi, NazirAhmad Dar, Shahida Nasreen
Journal of Radiation and Cancer Research. 2022; 0(0): 0
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
10 Assessment of quality of life among pediatric patients with cancer in khartoum oncology hospital: A cross-sectional pilot study
MarafiAbdelrahim Abdelkarim, ReemHassan AwadElseed, MehadAdam Alsanosi, Safaa Badi, MuhammadAbdou Abdulraheem, NasserMohammed Nasser, BashirAlsiddig Yousef
Matrix Science Medica. 2022; 6(3): 75
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11 Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Indian children at a tertiary care center: A multiparametric study with prognostic implications
Shweta Jha, Dinesh Kumar
National Journal of Clinical Anatomy. 2021; 10(4): 214
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12 Retinoblastoma: A review of clinical profile at a regional cancer center in Northwest India
Vimla Beniwal, Guncha Maheshwari, Surender Beniwal, Aditya Dhanawat, Pankaj Tantia, Pramila Adlakha
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics. 2021; 0(0): 0
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
13 Retrospective sequential trend analysis of neoplasms reported in a tertiary care hospital of district Etawah, Uttar Pradesh
SushilK Shukla, Divyta Sachan, PrashantK Bajpai, DhirajK Srivastava, ManojK Verma, Tanya Agarwal
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2021; 10(3): 1419
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
14 Doing more with less: Fine needle aspiration cytology in pediatric neoplasms
Priya Dharmalingam, Malathi MukundaPai, Ashwini Nargund, G Champaka, BL Kavitha, GeetaV Patil Okaly, SD Madhu, AR Arun Kumar
Journal of Cytology. 2021; 38(3): 127
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15 Prevalence of childhood Cancer among children attending referral hospitals of outpatient Department in Ethiopia
Aklilu Endalamaw, Nega Tezera Assimamaw, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Achenef Asmamaw Muche, Ejigu Gebeye Zeleke, Amare Wondim, Getaneh Mulualem Belay, Yeneabat Birhanu, Ashenafi Tazebew, Masresha Asmare Techane, Selam Fisha Kassa, Chalachew Adugna Wubneh
BMC Cancer. 2021; 21(1)
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16 Chitosan as possible inhibitory agents and delivery systems in leukemia
Parinaz Zivarpour, Jamal Hallajzadeh, Zatollah Asemi, Fatemeh Sadoughi, Mehran Sharifi
Cancer Cell International. 2021; 21(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
17 An Ethnographic Study of the Moral Experiences of Children with Cancer in New Delhi, India
Justine M. Behan, Ramandeep Singh Arora, Franco A. Carnevale, Sameer Bakhshi, Bani Bhattacharjee, Argerie Tsimicalis
Global Qualitative Nursing Research. 2021; 8: 2333393621
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18 Bone Mineral Metabolism During Chemotherapy in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Sonal Maddheshiya, Surya K. Singh, Ishan Kumar, Priyanka Aggarwal, Vineeta Gupta
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology. 2021; 43(5): 172
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
19 A Systematic Examination of Burden of Childhood Cancers in 183 Countries: Estimates from GLOBOCAN 2018
Rajesh Sharma
European Journal of Cancer Care. 2021; 30(5)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
20 Unstimulated salivary flow and oral streptococci in pediatric patients with hematological tumors: A longitudinal study
Elza Cristina Farias Araújo, Raphael Cavalcante Costa, Isabella Lima Arrais Ribeiro, Leopoldina de Fátima Dantas de Almeida, Eliane Batista de Medeiros Serpa, Ana Maria Gondim Valença
Special Care in Dentistry. 2021;
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21 Challenges in Care of Children with Acute Leukemia in a Government Hospital in India: A Retrospective Analysis
Ankita Sen, Prantar Chakrabarti, Shuvra N. Baul, Asoke K. Talukder, Prakas K. Mandal, Rajib De, Shyamali Dutta, Tuphan K. Dolai
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2021; 42(02): 161
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22 A Retrospective Study of Factors Affecting Pathway and Time to Diagnosis, Time to Treatment in Children with Cancer in a Single Center in South India
Harsha Prasada Lashkari, Shobha Prasada, Jayatheerth Joshi, Sadashiva Rao
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2021; 42(03): 247
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23 Stakeholder collaboration: Government, private sector and non-governmental organizations can build pediatric oncology services in India
Shruti Kakkar, Vaneet Anand, M.K. Mahajan, P. Sandhu, M.K. Rana, Karuna Singh, Amandeep Kaur, Inderjit Kaur, Alka Jindal, Haresh Gupta, Poonam Bagai
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal. 2021; 6(1): 1
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24 Estimated National and State Level Incidence of Childhood and Adolescent Cancer in India
Ramandeep Singh Arora, Poonam Bagai, Nickhill Bhakta
Indian Pediatrics. 2021; 58(5): 417
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25 Childhood cancer in India
Shuvadeep Ganguly, Sally Kinsey, Sameer Bakhshi
Cancer Epidemiology. 2021; 71: 101679
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26 Deep learning models for benign and malign ocular tumor growth estimation
Mayank Goswami
Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics. 2021; 93: 101986
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27 The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on access to treatment for children with cancer in India and treating center practices
Jyotsna Sharma, Amita Mahajan, Sameer Bakhshi, Veerendra Patil, Nishant Verma, Venkatraman Radhakrishnan, Amitabh Singh, Smita Kayal, Rachna Seth, Deepam Pushpam, Ramandeep Singh Arora
Cancer. 2021;
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28 Clinico-histopathological Profile of Primary Paediatric Intra-abdominal Tumours: a Multi-hospital-Based Study
Nitin Joseph, Sharada Rai, Kshitiz Singhal, Sreejita Saha, Deboshruti Chakraborty, Gauri Badoni, Thella Revanth, Flora D. Lobo
Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology. 2021; 12(3): 517
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29 Time to Diagnosis and Treatment of Childhood Cancer
Nishant Verma, Sudipto Bhattacharya
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2020; 87(8): 641
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
30 Neurocognitive impairment in Asian childhood cancer survivors: a systematic review
Liwen Peng, Perri Pui-Yan Yam, Lok Sum Yang, Satomi Sato, Chi Kong Li, Yin Ting Cheung
Cancer and Metastasis Reviews. 2020; 39(1): 27
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31 Slow and Steady Keeps Them in the Race: Metronomic Therapy in Children With Cancer
Sidharth Totadri
Indian Pediatrics. 2020; 57(6): 501
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
32 National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines for Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Shipra Agrwal, Puneet Kaur Sahi
Indian Pediatrics. 2020; 57(6): 561
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33 Childhood cancer survivorship and late effects: The landscape in India in 2020
Ramandeep Singh Arora, Puneet Rana Arora, Rachna Seth, Sonal Sharma, Chandan Kumar, Vandana Dhamankar, Purna Kurkure, Maya Prasad
Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2020; 67(9)
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34 Study of Cytogenetic Alterations and Association With Prognostic Factors in Indian Children With B-Lineage Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Manisha Agarwal, Rachna Seth, Meena Lall
Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia. 2020; 20(7): e346
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35 Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma in Iran; survival and outcome
Azim Mehrvar, Maryam Tashvighi, Mahyar Nourian, Narjes Mehrvar, Raheb Ghorbani, Yasaman Sadeghi, Mardavig Alebouyeh, Mohammad Faranoush
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal. 2020; 5(3): 100
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36 Level of Anxiety and Depression and Its Clinical and Sociodemographic Determinants among the Parents of Children with Cancer Undergoing Chemotherapy
Shivayan Srivastava, Vikas Menon, Smita Kayal, Meenatchi Hari, Biswajit Dubashi
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice. 2020; 11(04): 530
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
37 Resource limited centres can deliver treatment for children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia with risk-stratified minimal residual disease based UKALL 2003 protocol with no modification and a good outcome
Harsha Prasada Lashkari, Moideen Faheem, Basaviah Sridevi Hanaganahalli, Kamalakshi G Bhat, Jayatheerth Joshi, Nutan Kamath, Shivali Ahlawat, Prashantha B
Expert Review of Hematology. 2020; 13(10): 1143
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38 Study of the frequency and distribution of various types of leukemia among the patient coming to Sir T. hospital Bhavnagar
Dipti Patel, Bharti S Sansiya
Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology. 2020; 7(4): 620
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39 A Study on Clinical and Immunophenotypic Profile of Acute Leukaemia among Paediatric Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre
Bipsa Singh, Piyush Ranjan Sahoo, Swarupa Panda, Sudha Sethy, Bibhu Prasad Nayak
Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare. 2020; 7(37): 1994
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40 Outcomes in Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia—A Single-Center Romanian Experience
Mirabela-Smaranda Alecsa, Mihaela Moscalu, Laura-Mihaela Trandafir, Anca-Viorica Ivanov, Cristina Rusu, Ingrith-Crenguta Miron
Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(12): 4052
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41 Spectrum of pediatric malignancies in a referral hospital of the eastern region of India
Senjuti Dasgupta, Sudipta Chakrabarti, AsitRanjan Deb
Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal (BBRJ). 2020; 4(3): 246
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42 Interleukin-6 versus C-reactive Protein as Markers for Early Detection of Bacteremia in Febrile Neutropenia in Pediatric Population
Manasi Gupta, Pushpa G Kini, Y Ramesh Bhat, Shrikiran Aroor
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2020; 41(05): 702
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43 Delivery of Services to Childhood Cancer Survivors in India: A National Survey
Vatsna Rathore, Ankit Taluja, Puneet Rana Arora, Poonam Bagai, Gauri Kapoor, Rachna Seth, Ramandeep Singh Arora
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2020; 41(05): 707
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44 Epidemiological profile of retinoblastoma in north India: Implications for primary care and family physicians
Nidhi Gupta, Awadhesh Pandey, Kislay Dimri, Shankar Prinja
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2020; 9(6): 2843
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45 Hematological malignancies in relation with ABO blood group at a teaching hospital, Varanasi, India
Sandip Kumar, Nivedita Mahto, Anju Bharti, LalitP Meena
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2020; 9(5): 2309
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46 Treatment Adherence and Abandonment in Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Pediatric Patients at a Low-Resource Cancer Center in India
Sudha Sinha, Gustav Brattström, Gayatri Palat, Vineela Rapelli, Mikael Segerlantz, Eva Brun, Thomas Wiebe
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2019; 40(04): 501
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47 Selective neglect: Gender disparities in children’s healthcare utilization in rural China
Xu Yan,Qiang Ren
Chinese Journal of Sociology. 2019; 5(3): 283
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48 Evaluating access to essential medicines for treating childhood cancers: a medicines availability, price and affordability study in New Delhi, India
Neha Faruqui, Alexandra Martiniuk, Abhishek Sharma, Chanchal Sharma, Bhumika Rathore, Ramandeep Singh Arora, Rohina Joshi
BMJ Global Health. 2019; 4(2): e001379
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49 Assessment of oral health status of children with Leukemia: A cross-sectional study
Gauri Kapoor,Mridula Goswami,Sadhna Sharma,Anurag Mehta,Jatinder Kaur Dhillon
Special Care in Dentistry. 2019;
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50 Successful Treatment of Relapsed Isolated Extraocular Retinoblastoma in the Right Fibula With High-dose Chemotherapy and Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation
Ramya Uppuluri,Dhaarani Jayaraman,Meena Sivasankaran,Shivani Patel,Venkateswaran Vellaichamy Swaminathan,Revathi Raj
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology. 2019; 41(5): 402
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51 MicroRNA 146a Polymorphisms and Expression in Indian Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Helen Jemimah Devanandan,Vettriselvi Venkatesan,Julius Xavier Scott,Latha Sneha Magatha,Solomon Franklin Durairaj Paul,Teena Koshy
Laboratory Medicine. 2019; 50(3): 249
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Swathi Kaliki,Anamika Patel,Sadiya Iram,George Ramappa,Ashik Mohamed,Vijay A. R. Palkonda
Retina. 2019; 39(2): 379
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53 Impact of financial support and focussed group counselling on treatment abandonment in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Experience over 22 years from North India
Areesha Alam,Archana Kumar
Psycho-Oncology. 2019; 28(2): 372
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54 Correlation of Day 8 Steroid Response with Bone Marrow Status Measured on Days 14 and 35, in Patients with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Being Treated with BFM Protocol
Girish Kamat,Kannan Subramanian,Shashikant Apte
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion. 2019;
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55 Flow Cytometry in Pediatric Malignancies
Anil Handoo,Tina Dadu
Indian Pediatrics. 2018; 55(1): 55
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56 Non-pharmacological Interventions for Pediatric Cancer Patients: A Comparative Review and Emerging Needs in India
Sujata Satapathy,Tanuja Kaushal,Sameer Bakhshi,Rakesh Kumar Chadda
Indian Pediatrics. 2018; 55(3): 225
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57 ‘Quality of Life’ of Parents of Children Suffering from Pediatric Malignancies in a Low Income Setting
Vibha Sanjay Bafna,Tanvi Ajay Bafna,Abhilasha Sampagar,Sunita Raman Rupavataram
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2018; 85(9): 718
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58 Cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2A/B gene deletions are markers of poor prognosis in Indian children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Manisha Agarwal,Sameer Bakhshi,Sadanand N. Dwivedi,Madhulika Kabra,Rashmi Shukla,Rachna Seth
Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2018; 65(6): e27001
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59 Neuroblastoma among children in Southern and Eastern European cancer registries: Variations in incidence and temporal trends compared to US
Marios K. Georgakis,Nick Dessypris,Margarita Baka,Maria Moschovi,Vassilios Papadakis,Sophia Polychronopoulou,Maria Kourti,Emmanuel Hatzipantelis,Eftichia Stiakaki,Helen Dana,Evdoxia Bouka,Luis Antunes,Joana Bastos,Daniela Coza,Anna Demetriou,Domenic Agius,Sultan Eser,Raluca Gheorghiu,Mario Sekerija,Maciej Trojanowski,Tina Zagar,Anna Zborovskaya,Anton Ryzhov,Athanassios Tragiannidis,Paraskevi Panagopoulou,Eva Steliarova-Foucher,Eleni Th. Petridou
International Journal of Cancer. 2018; 142(10): 1977
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60 End-of-Life Treatments in Pediatric Patients at a Government Tertiary Cancer Center in India
Jean Jacob,Jaskirt K. Matharu,Gayatri Palat,Sudha Sinha,Eva Brun,Thomas Wiebe,Mikael Segerlantz
Journal of Palliative Medicine. 2018; 21(7): 907
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61 Profile of Non-Hematological Pediatric Tumors: A Clinicopathological Study at a Tertiary Health Care Centre
Kashmi Sharma,Mehar Aziz,Nishat Afroz,Aaliya Ehsan
Fetal and Pediatric Pathology. 2018; 37(2): 95
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62 Poor performance status, urban residence and female sex predict inferior survival in pediatric advanced stage mature B-NHL in an Indian tertiary care center
Amol Patel,Meher Chand Sharma,Saumyaranjan Mallick,Manali Patel,Sameer Bakhshi
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology. 2018; 35(1): 23
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
63 Prognostic significance of receptor for hyaluronan acid-mediated motility (CD168) in acute pediatric leukemias – assessment of clinical outcome, post induction, end of treatment and minimal residual disease
Chinnathambi Narayanan Sai Shalini,Febe Renjitha Suman,Jerusha Samuela Jacob,Rithika Rajendran,Julius Xavier Scott,Magadha Sneha Latha
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy. 2018; 40(4): 310
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64 Incidence of childhood leukemia and lymphoma in India
Smita Asthana,Satyanarayana Labani,Swati Mehrana,Sameer Bakhshi
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal. 2018; 3(4): 115
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65 Prospective evaluation of the toxicity profile, and predictors of toxicity of high dose methotrexate in patients of acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma
Prateek Tiwari,Prasanth Ganesan,Venkatraman Radhakrishnan,Rajamanickam Arivazhagan,Trivadi S. Ganesan,Manikandan Dhanushkodi,Sidharth Totadri,Tenali Gnana Sagar
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal. 2018; 3(1): 1
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66 Retrospective post-marketing study on the use of bio-similar pegasparagase among acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients in India
Anil Kamat
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal. 2018; 3(1): 9
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67 Cancer epidemiology and the “incidence gap” from non-diagnosis
Scott C. Howard,Catherine G. Lam,Ramandeep S. Arora
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal. 2018; 3(4): 75
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68 Retinoblastoma: A Sixteen-Year Review of the Presentation, Treatment, and Outcome from a Tertiary Care Institute in Northern India
Usha Singh,Deeksha Katoch,Savleen Kaur,Mangat Ram Dogra,Deepak Bansal,Rakesh Kapoor
Ocular Oncology and Pathology. 2018; 4(1): 23
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69 Five-Year Survival Rate and the Factors for Risk-Directed Therapy in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Bibin Varghese, Austoria Abzalon Joobomary, P Savida
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2018; 39(03): 301
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70 Demographic Profile of Pediatric Malignancies in Himachal Pradesh
Anupam Badhan, Parveen Bhardwaj, Vijay Yadav, Neelam Grover, Rajeev Kumar Seem
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2018; 39(03): 287
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71 Clinicoepidemiological profiles, clinical practices, and the impact of holistic care interventions on outcomes of pediatric hematolymphoid malignancies - A 7-year audit of the pediatric hematolymphoid disease management group at Tata Memorial Hospital
Gaurav Narula,Maya Prasad,Shalini Jatia,PapagudiG Subramanian,Nikhil Patkar,Prashant Tembhare,Dhanlaxmi Shetty,Nehal Khanna,Siddharth Laskar,Tanuja Shet,Sridhar Epari,Seema Kembhavi,Sneha Shah,Sajid Qureshi,Sumeet Gujral,ShripadD Banavali
Indian Journal of Cancer. 2017; 54(4): 609
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72 Clinical Profile and Outcome of Influenza A/H1N1 in Pediatric Oncology Patients During the 2015 Outbreak
Nishant Verma,Vishal Pooniya,Archana Kumar
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology. 2017; 39(7): e357
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73 Pain Management and Use of Opioids in Pediatric Oncology in India: A Qualitative Approach
Paola Angelini,Katherine M. Boydell,Vicky Breakey,Purna A. Kurkure,Marian A. Muckaden,Eric Bouffet,Brijesh Arora
Journal of Global Oncology. 2017; 3(4): 331
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74 Prevalence of Oral Complications occurring in a Population of Pediatric Cancer Patients receiving Chemotherapy
Geetika Datta, Tanvi Saxena, Ankush G Datta
International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2017; 10(2): 166
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75 Childhood cancer incidence in India betweem 2012 and 2014: Report of a population-based cancer registry
Suman Das,Dilip Kumar Paul,Kumar Anshu,Subhajit Bhakta
Indian Pediatrics. 2017; 54(12): 1033
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76 Gray level co-occurrence matrix and random forest based acute lymphoblastic leukemia detection
Sonali Mishra,Banshidhar Majhi,Pankaj Kumar Sa,Lokesh Sharma
Biomedical Signal Processing and Control. 2017; 33: 272
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77 Management of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: ICMR Consensus Document
Nirav Thacker,Sameer Bakhshi,Girish Chinnaswamy,Tushar Vora,Maya Prasad,Deepak Bansal,Sandeep Agarwala,Gauri Kapoor,Venkatraman Radhakrishnan,Siddharth Laskar,Tanvir Kaur,G. K. Rath,Rupinder Singh Dhaliwal,Brijesh Arora
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2017; 84(5): 382
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78 Quality of Life Assessment in Retinoblastoma: A Cross-Sectional Study of 122 Survivors from India
Atul Batra,Mamta Kumari,Reeja Paul,Mukesh Patekar,Deepa Dhawan,Sameer Bakhshi
Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2016; 63(2): 313
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79 A copper chelate induces apoptosis and overcomes multidrug resistance in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia through redox imbalance and inhibition of EGFR/PI3K/Akt expression
Kaushik Banerjee,Satyajit Das,Avijit Sarkar,Mitali Chatterjee,Jaydip Biswas,Soumitra Kumar Choudhuri
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 2016; 84: 71
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80 Role of miR-125b and miR-203 expressions in the pathogenesis of BCR-ABL + Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
N.S. Sanddhya,P. Sachdanandam,S. Thilagavathy,P. Shanthi
Gene Reports. 2016; 4: 253
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81 The Impact of Socioeconomic Factors on the Outcome of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Treatment in a Low/Middle Income Country (LMIC)
Kishwer Jabeen,Mohammed S. Ashraf,Sundus Iftikhar,Asim F. Belgaumi
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology. 2016; 38(8): 587
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82 Epidemiology of childhood and adolescent cancer in Bangladesh, 2001–2014
Mohammad Sorowar Hossain,Mamtaz Begum,Md Mahmuduzzaman Mian,Shameema Ferdous,Shahinur Kabir,Humayun Kabir Sarker,Sabina Karim,Salma Choudhury,Asaduzzaman Khan,Zohora Jameela Khan,Henrike E. Karim-Kos
BMC Cancer. 2016; 16(1)
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83 Distribution and features of hematological malignancies in Eastern Morocco: a retrospective multicenter study over 5 years
Mounia Elidrissi Errahhali,Manal Elidrissi Errahhali,Redouane Boulouiz,Meryem Ouarzane,Mohammed Bellaoui
BMC Cancer. 2016; 16(1)
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84 Evaluation of cost effective diagnostic tools in characterisation of Acute Leukemia in Southern India
N.S. Sanddhya,D. Kathick,P. Sachdanandam,S. Thilagavathy,P. Shanthi
Technology and Health Care. 2016; 24(5): 639
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85 Complications of tracheal intubation in critically ill pediatric cancer patients
Jigeeshu V. Divatia, M. M. Harish, Harish Chaudhari, Suhail Sarwar Siddiqui, S Janarthanan, R. Natesh Prabu
Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine. 2016; 20(7): 409
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86 Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma in a South Indian Regional Cancer Center: Its Immunomorphology, Tumor-Associated Macrophages, and Association with Epstein–Barr Virus
Mohammed Abdul Lateef Zameer,Chennagiri S. Premalata,Bandagadde Arunakumari,Lingappa Appaji,Clementina Rama Rao
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology. 2015; 32(4): 229
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87 Epidemiology of Childhood Cancer in Northwest Iran
Afshin Fathi,Firouz Amani,Mohammad Bahadoram
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015; 16(13): 5459
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
88 Cytogenetic Profile of De Novo B lineage Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Determination of Frequency, Distribution Pattern and Identification of Rare and Novel Chromosomal Aberrations in Indian Patients
Prerana Bhandari,Firoz Ahmad,Rupa Dalvi,Neeraja Koppaka,Prajakta Kokate,Bibhu Ranjan Das,Swarna Mandava
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015; 16(16): 7219
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89 A stepwise strategy for rapid and cost-effective RB1 screening in Indian retinoblastoma patients
Kannan Thirumalairaj,Aloysius Abraham,Bharanidharan Devarajan,Namrata Gaikwad,Usha Kim,Veerappan Muthukkaruppan,Ayyasamy Vanniarajan
Journal of Human Genetics. 2015; 60(9): 547
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90 Clinical features and induction outcome of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a lower/middle income population: A multi-institutional report from Pakistan
Zehra Fadoo,Imran Nisar,Fatimah Yousuf,Laila Saleem Lakhani,Shamvil Ashraf,Uzma Imam,Junaid Zaheer,Ahmed Naqvi,Asim Belgaumi
Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2015; 62(10): 1700
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91 Leukemias in Children
Rachna Seth,Amitabh Singh
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2015;
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92 Editorials
Nandini C. Hazarika,Pankaj Dwivedi,A. Laxmaiah,B. Vishnu Bhat,B. Adhisivam
Indian Pediatrics. 2015; 52(5): 379
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93 Childhood cancer incidence in India: A review of population-based cancer registries
L. Satyanarayana,Smitha Asthana,S. Preeti Labani
Indian Pediatrics. 2014; 51(3): 218
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94 Overview of Childhood Cancers at a Regional Cancer Centre in North-East India
Munlima Hazarika,Manigreeva Krishnatreya,Cidananda Bhuyan,Bhargab Jyoti Saikia,Amal Chandra Kataki,Pintu Nandy,Monalisha Hazarika,Partha Sarathi Roy
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2014; 15(18): 7817
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95 Maternal Factors and Risk of Childhood Leukemia
Ashok Kumar,Minakshi Vashist,Radha Rathee
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2014; 15(2): 781
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96 Cancer: Scenario and Relationship of Different Geographical Areas of the Globe with Special Reference to North East-India
Jagannath Dev Sharma,Manoj Kalit,Tulika Nirmolia,Sidhartha Protim Saikia,Arpita Sharma,Debanjana Barman
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2014; 15(8): 3721
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97 Effect of a New Social Support Program by Voluntary Organization in Pediatric Oncology Department in a Developing Country
Manjusha Nair,Kusumakumary Parukkutty,Sheethal Kommadath
Pediatric Hematology-Oncology. 2014; 31(3): 212
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98 Diagnosed hematological malignancies in Bangladesh - a retrospective analysis of over 5000 cases from 10 specialized hospitals
Mohammad Hossain,Mohd S Iqbal,Mohiuddin Khan,Mohammad Rabbani,Hazera Khatun,Sirajam Munira,M Morshed Miah,Amin Kabir,Naima Islam,Tashmim Dipta,Farzana Rahman,Abdul Mottalib,Salma Afrose,Tasneem Ara,Akhil Biswas,Mizanur Rahman,AKM Abedin,Mahbubur Rahman,ABM Yunus,Louis W Niessen,Tanvira Sultana
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99 Gender bias in child care and child health: global patterns
R. Khera,S. Jain,R. Lodha,S. Ramakrishnan
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100 Cancer survival among children and adolescents at a state referral hospital in southeastern Brazil
Glaucia Perini Zouain-Figueiredo,Eliana Zandonade,Maria Helena Costa Amorim
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil. 2013; 13(4): 335
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101 Cell-Free Epstein–Barr Viral Loads in Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma: A Study from South India
Mahua Sinha,C.R. Rao,M. Shafiulla,L. Appaji,Aruna Kumari BS,B.G. Sumati,T. Avinash,R.S. Jayshree
Pediatric Hematology-Oncology. 2013; 30(6): 537
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102 Outcomes of Intra- and Extraocular Retinoblastomas from a Single Institute in South India*
Parag K. Shah,Venkatapathy Narendran,Narendran Kalpana
Ophthalmic Genetics. 2013; : 1
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103 Overview of Cancer Registration Research in the Asian Pacific from 2008-2013
Malcolm A. Moore
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2013; 14(8): 4461
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104 Exploring Play Therapy in Pediatric Oncology: A Preliminary Endeavour
Uttara Chari,Uma Hirisave,L. Appaji
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2013; 80(4): 303
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105 Outcome of Neuroblastoma in India
Ketan Prasad Kulkarni,Ram Kumar Marwaha
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2013; 80(10): 832
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106 Clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Saudi Arabia: A multi-institutional retrospective national collaborative study
Reem Al-Sudairy,Abdullah Al-Nasser,Abdulrahman Alsultan,Ali Al Ahmari,Ibraheem Abosoudah,Reema Al-Hayek,Talal Al-Harbi,Fahad Al-Manjomi,Musa Al-Harbi,Hasna Al-Ghamdi,Mohammed Al-Shahrani,Asim F. Belgaumi
Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2013; : n/a
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107 An ensemble classifier system for early diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in blood microscopic images
Subrajeet Mohapatra,Dipti Patra,Sanghamitra Satpathy
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108 Exploring play therapy in pediatric oncology: A preliminary endeavour
Chari, U. and Hirisave, U. and Appaji, L.
Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2013; 80(4): 303-308
109 Formulary availability and regulatory barriers to accessibility of opioids for cancer pain in India: a report from the Global Opioid Policy Initiative (GOPI)
J. Cleary,N. Simha,A. Panieri,W. Scholten,L. Radbruch,J. Torode,N. I. Cherny
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110 Late effect clinic – An integral part of childhood cancer treatment
Dubashi Biswajit
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111 Profile of childhood cancers: A multicentric study
Roy, B.N. and Purkait, R. and Ganguly, S. and Samanta, T. and Gayen, S. and Pal, S.
Journal of the Indian Medical Association. 2012; 110(12): 872-875
112 Pediatric malignancies in Kano, Northern Nigeria
Ochicha, O. and Gwarzo, A.K. and Gwarzo, D.
World Journal of Pediatrics. 2012; 8(3): 235-239
113 Rare and recurrent chromosomal abnormalities and their clinical relevance in pediatric acute leukemia of south Indian population
Mazloumi, S.H.M. and Kumari, P. and Madhumathi, D.S. and Appaji, L.
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2012; 33(3): 166-169
114 Current therapy and recent advances in the management of retinoblastoma
Meel, R. and Radhakrishnan, V. and Bakhshi, S.
Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2012; 33(2): 80-88
115 Oral health in children with leukemia
Mathur, V.P. and Dhillon, J.K. and Kalra, G.
Indian Journal of Palliative Care. 2012; 18(1): 12-18
116 Pediatric malignancies in Kano, Northern Nigeria
Ochicha Ochicha,Aisha Kuliya Gwarzo,Dalhatu Gwarzo
World Journal of Pediatrics. 2012; 8(3): 235
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117 Pregnancy in Survivor of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia with Thalassemia Trait
Deeba Shafi,A. V. Sathe
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118 Correspondence
R. K. Marwaha, K. P. Kulkarni, Shalu Gupta, T. Jacob John, M. Sanklecha
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119 Pediatric solid malignant neoplasms: A comparative analysis
Harmon, B., Friedman, K., Nemesure, B., Singh, M.
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology. 2011; 54(3): 514-519
120 Pediatric tumors of the central nervous system: A retrospective study of 1,043 cases from a tertiary care center in South India
Asirvatham, J.R., Deepti, A.N., Chyne, R., Prasad, M.S.N., Chacko, A.G., Rajshekhar, V., Chacko, G.
Childæs Nervous System. 2011; 27(8): 1257-1263
121 Prevalence and risk of leukemia in the multi-ethnic population of North Karnataka
Modak, H., Kulkarni, S.S., Kadakol, G.S., Hiremath, S.V., Patil, B.R., Hallikeri, U., Gai, P.B.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2011; 12(3): 671-675
122 Childhood cancer burden in part of eastern India-population based cancer registry data for Kolkata (1997-2004)
Datta, K. and Choudhuri, M. and Guha, S. and Biswas, J.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2010; 11(5): 1283-1288
123 Why is the incidence of childhood cancer lower in rural India?
Arora, R.S.
Cancer Epidemiology. 2010; 34(1): 105-106
124 Understanding refusal and abandonment in the treatment of childhood cancer
Ramandeep Singh Arora, B. Pizer, T. Eden
Indian Pediatrics. 2010; 47(12): 1005
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125 Why is the incidence of childhood cancer lower in rural India?
Ramandeep S. Arora
Cancer Epidemiology. 2010; 34(1): 105
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126 Childhood cancers in India: Burden, barriers, and breakthroughs
Arora, B., Kanwar, V.
Indian Journal of Cancer. 2009; 46(4): 257-259


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