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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 345-348

Challenges in management of phyllodes tumors of the breast: A retrospective analysis of 150 patients


Department of Endocrine and Breast Surgery, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
P Ramakant
Department of Endocrine and Breast Surgery, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.123625

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Introduction: Phyllodes tumors (PT) of the breast seem to get pre-operatively misdiagnosed as fibroadenomas resulting in inadequate resections and high local recurrence rates. Materials and Methods: Data of 150 patients with PT of the breast managed from January, 2003 to February, 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Statistical analysis performed using SPSS version 17 (Pearson Chi-square test and analysis of variance test for analysis). Aim: The aim of this study is to compare clinico-pathological profile and recurrence rates in patients with benign (B), borderline malignant (BL) and malignant (M) PT. Results: In a total of 150 patients with PT (n = 77 B, n = 24 BL, n = 49 M), mean age was 36.92, 44.04 and 40.46 years respectively (P 0.015) and mean tumor size being 8.15 cm, 14.7 cm and 12.9 cm respectively (P 0.000). Pre-operatively cytology suggestive of PT in 24% patients with B PT and 63% in M PT; core tissue biopsy suggestive of PT in 85.4% patients with B PT and 100% in M PT. Recurrence seen in 34.7% out of which 32.7% were post-lumpectomy performed elsewhere. Majority of B PT had lumpectomy (49.3%)/wide local excision (WLE, 31.2%) compared with M PT where 55.1% had simple mastectomy (SM) due to large tumor size. Local recurrence was more in M PT (53%) compared with B PT (20%). We found recurrence rates in L (39.3%) compared with WLE (27.3%) and SM (33.9%) (P 0.049). Conclusions: Larger tumor size, incomplete resection and M/BL histology predicted higher recurrence in PT. Core biopsy is much more accurate than fine needle cytology in the diagnosis.






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