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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-53

Spectrum of malignancies in Jaipur region (2004-2008)


Division of Surgical Oncology, SMS Medical College Hospital, Jaipur and Rajasthan Cancer Society, India

Correspondence Address:
R G Sharma
Division of Surgical Oncology, SMS Medical College Hospital, Jaipur and Rajasthan Cancer Society
India
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Source of Support: Rajasthan Cancer Society, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.134624

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Context: Cancer data from Rajasthan is limited. Only three studies, one from Western Rajasthan, and the other two from Eastern Rajasthan have been published previously. Aims: To find out the spectrum of malignant neoplasms in Jaipur region by studying the proportion and site wise distribution of malignancy cases reported at five major hospitals and pathology centers in Jaipur region. Settings and Design: A retrospective analysis of histopathology records of 5 years (2004-2008) was done. Approximately 200,000 histopathology and cytology reports were analyzed and 34,486 new cancer cases were identified. Statistical Analysis Used: Percentages and proportions. Results: A total of 34,486 new cases of cancers were recorded in five years. There were 58.58% (20202) males and 41.42% (14284) females, with the male to female ratio being 1.41:1. Organ wise, Lung (13.25%), Larynx (5.35%), Oropharynx (5.09%), Brain (4.84%), Tongue (4.62%) and Prostate (4%) were the most common sites involved in males, whereas Breast (25.6%), Cervix (10.26%), Ovary (5.4%), Brain (3.68%), Esophagus (3.4%), Lung (3.01%) and Gall Bladder (2.35%) were common sites for malignancies in females. Conclusions: Significant findings were, a higher frequency of tobacco related cancers i.e., Lung cancer and Head and neck cancer in males, and screening detectable cancers (Breast and Cervix) in females. A higher frequency of Lung cancer in females was also noted as compared to previous studies. An unusually high frequency of Gall Bladder Cancers especially among the female population in this region is also a cause of concern. Our data was compared with the national data.






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