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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 195-197

Adiponectin correlates with obesity: A study of 159 childhood acute leukemia survivors from India

1 Department of Medical Oncology, Dr. B. R. A. Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Cardiac Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
S Bakhshi
Department of Medical Oncology, Dr. B. R. A. Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-509X.175824

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Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivors are predisposed to obesity. However, the exact underlying mechanisms are not known. AIMS: The study was done to assess the role of biomarkers of obesity in acute leukemia survivors. Settings And Designs: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at All India Institute of Medical Sciences in survivors of acute leukemia who had completed treatment at least 1 year before enrollment in this study. Materials And Methods: Obesity was studied by determining the body mass index. Potential biomarkers were studied by assessing serum leptin, resistin, and adiponectin by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay, and the results were compared in obese versus nonobese survivors. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive analysis for baseline demographic factors and Student's t-test for comparing the mean levels of biomarkers among the obese and nonobese survivors. Results: One hundred and fifty-nine acute leukemia patients were enrolled in this study with a median follow-up of 36.8 months. The median age was 10 (range: 3–18) years, and 123 (77.3%) patients were males. The overall prevalence of overweight/obesity was 26.4%, and this was similar in acute myeloid leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia sub-groups (26.2% vs. 27.3%, P = 0.9). Mean serum leptin and resistin were similar in obese and nonobese leukemia survivors (3.7 vs. 2.85 pg/mL, P = 0.064; 8.01 vs. 9.33 ng/mL, P = 0.36). However, mean serum adiponectin was significantly lower in obese leukemia survivors (7.97 vs. 11.5 μg/mL, P = 0.023). Conclusions: Obese leukemic survivors had lower serum adiponectin levels than nonobese survivors. However, serum resistin and leptin levels were similar in the two groups.


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