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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-15

Oral health-related quality of life in patients treated for oral malignancy at Kanchipuram district, India: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Dental Sciences, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K Indrapriyadharshini
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_116_17

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BACKGROUND: The modern-day onco-surgical therapy is now concerned on the overall Quality of Life after treatment of the patient. There is need to evaluate final outcome following the different combination of treatment modalities available to make better therapeutic treatment decisions. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess Oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients with oral malignancies who had undergone various treatments. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A Cross sectional study was conducted among 90 patients between October 2016 to January 2017 in private hospitals, kanchipuram, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were grouped based on the treatment they had undergone into Group I - Surgery alone, Group II - Surgery and Radiotherapy, Group III- Surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy and assessed for OHRQoL using the shorter version of Oral health impact profile -14 (OHIP-14) questionnaire. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Descriptive analysis of socio demographic variables and OHIP 14 was performed using Chi-square test and one way ANOVA. RESULTS: Among the 90 participants, 43.3% belonged to upper lower class and 38.3% to lower class. Buccal mucosa (58.9%) was found to be the most frequent site. Among the clinical staging, Stage II (33.33%) oral cancer was more prevalent. No statistically significant differences in the OHIP mean score for Groups, I, II, III. Among the domains functional limitation was significantly different in the three groups. CONCLUSION: Patients with oral malignancies who had been treated surgically alone had better Quality of life when compared to the combined treatment modalities.


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