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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 120-126

Continuous hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy using modern radiotherapy techniques for nonsmall cell lung cancer patients unsuitable for chemoradiation

Department of Radiation Oncology, Tata Medical Center, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. R K Shrimali
Department of Radiation Oncology, Tata Medical Center, Kolkata, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_158_17

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INTRODUCTION: The continuous hyperfractionated and accelerated radiotherapy (CHART) regimen of radiotherapy (RT) for nonsmall cell lung cancer is underused outside the UK. We present the first Indian experience of using CHART for patients, who were not suitable for chemotherapy or concurrent chemo-RT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients treated using CHART at our institution between January 2014 and December 2015. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients were treated using CHART. Planning methods and dosimetry parameters are described. Three-dimensional conformal RT was used for treatment planning and delivery in 23 patients and volumetric modulated arc RT was necessary for 14 patients. Patients in our series had a median age of 70 years (interquartile range 65.50–74.00) and 86.5% had Stage III disease. Median follow-up was short at 13.0 months. Actuarial rates of 1-year progression-free survival, 1-year overall survival (OS), and 2-year OS were 31.9%, 59.5%, and 28.5%, respectively. This treatment was well tolerated with manageable and some reversible acute esophageal toxicity (91.9% CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that CHART is feasible, safe, and well tolerated in Indian patients who are clinically found to be not suitable for either sequential or concurrent chemo- RT.


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