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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 333-339

Tumor characteristics and metabolic quantification in carcinoma breast: An institutional experience

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Army Hospital (Research and Referral), New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A Jain
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Army Hospital (Research and Referral), New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_121_17

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BACKGROUND: In India, carcinoma breast is the most common cancer among urban women population and second most common cancer after carcinoma cervix in rural areas. One in 22 women in India develops carcinoma of the breast in their lifetime. Fluorine-18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) uptake in breast cancer usually indicates the degree of tumor metabolism and hence can predict its behavior and prognosis. On the other hand, the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) or neu state of breast cancer is a biomarker that provides important prognostic information in addition to predicting response to therapy. AIMS: The main objective of this study is to assess whether a correlation exists between 18F-FDG uptake in untreated cases of breast cancer, their receptor status (ER, PR, and HER-2 or neu), tumor histology, and tumor size. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty consecutive female patients, with biopsy-proven primary breast cancer, were enrolled in this prospective study for whom 18F-FDG positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan was done in the Department of Nuclear Medicine. Results obtained were analyzed using appropriate statistical tests (t-test and Pearson Chi-square tests), and interpretation was made with 95% confidence level. RESULTS: In our series, a positive correlation between tumor size, high tumor grade, and standardized uptake value (SUV) was found. Tumors with positive receptor status for estrogen, progesterone, and HER-2/neu receptors had statistically insignificant lower maximum SUV (SUVmax) values than their negative counterparts. Triple-negative breast tumors (ER−, PR−, and no overexpression of HER-2/neu) are currently a subject of major interest because of their aggressiveness, poor prognosis, and lack of targeted therapy. Based on receptor status when the SUVmaxof the group with triple-negative receptor status (ER−/PR−/HER-2/neu−) was compared to rest of the patient group, it was seen that patients with negative receptor status had significantly higher mean SUVmaxvalues. CONCLUSIONS: We have inferred that in patients with breast cancer, various biological parameters such as tumor size, grade, histology, and hormonal receptor status have different impact on tumor metabolic activity.


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