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  Table of Contents  
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 142-143

Implementation of Orem's self-care model in early stages of breast cancer

Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran

Date of Submission27-Sep-2020
Date of Decision03-Oct-2020
Date of Acceptance22-Mar-2021
Date of Web Publication19-May-2022

Correspondence Address:
Narges Nargesi Khoramabad
Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_1115_20

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How to cite this article:
Khoramabad NN. Implementation of Orem's self-care model in early stages of breast cancer. Indian J Cancer 2022;59:142-3

How to cite this URL:
Khoramabad NN. Implementation of Orem's self-care model in early stages of breast cancer. Indian J Cancer [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 19];59:142-3. Available from:

Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women, and it can affect different aspects of the patients' life.[1] Hence, patients will need care plans; and these plans can improve the patients' quality of life.[2] Also, cancer can affect the patients' mental health, which decrease the patients' self-care ability.[3] One of the most comprehensive self-care theories is Orem's self-care model, which provides a framework for nursing care plans[4] and believes that people have the ability to care for themselves, and in case of any problem, nurses can return this ability with training.[5] The results of a meta-analysis in Iran showed a positive effects of the Orem self-care model that has been identified in many chronic diseases, but this model is often used in the chronic rather than acute stages of the disease,[6] and in breast cancer, the focus is often on the quality and quantity of self-care rather than on the patient's self-care ability.[7] Also, Barandeh et al.[8] believe that the breast cancer patients' concerns in the first session of chemotherapy can reduce the impact of self-care training in them, so they suggest that training in these patients should begin before starting chemotherapy. Thus, according to the Orem self-care model, needs, abilities, and constraints of self-care in a 49-year-old woman 2 days after mastectomy were determined. Then nursing diagnoses were identified and training (oral, face-to-face, and booklet) were provided. The follow-up indicated that the patient has followed the training programs for several weeks after receiving the training, especially on anxiety and related problems such as sleep disorders and phobia. Also, she even wanted to receive further training for subsequent stages of the treatment.

Various studies have suggested the positive effect of this model in increased self-care ability, self-efficacy, quality of life, and mental health in people affected by different chronic diseases.[6] In the present study, a patient received training programs based on the Orem model in the acute phase of the disease, which increased the patient's self-care ability and satisfaction. In fact, according to the findings, after a decrease in mental problems, she could better plan for herself. Thus, unlike popular belief, this model is a useful and effective method for training breast cancer patients in the early stages of disease and treatment (and not only in the chemotherapy and radiology stages).

  Acknowledgment Top

The author wishes to thank the participant in this study.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form, the patient has given her consent for her images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understands that her name and initial will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal her identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Shahid Sales S, Hasanzadeh M, Sania Saggade S, Al Davoud SA. Comparison of sexual dysfunction in women with breast cancer: Case control study. Tehran Univ Med J 2017;75:350-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
Shahsavari H, Matory P, Zare Z, Taleghani F, Kaji M. Effect of self-care education on the quality of life in patients with breast cancer. J Educ Health Promot 2015;4:70.  Back to cited text no. 2
Refaee Saeedi N, Aghamohammadian Sharbaf H, Asghari Ebrahim Abad MJ, Kareshki H. Psychological consequences of breast cancer in Iran: A systematic review. J Fasa Univ Med Sci 2019;8:986-99.  Back to cited text no. 3
Hemmati Maslakpak M, Hashemlo L, Khalkhali HR. The effect of implementing orem's self-care model on the self-esteem of elderlise resident of nursing home in uremia. Med Surg Nurs J 2012;1:18-23.  Back to cited text no. 4
Meleis AI. Theoretical Nursing: Development and Progress. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer; 2018.  Back to cited text no. 5
Valizadeh S, Soheili A, Moghbeli G, Aliafsari E. Applicability of orem's self-care model in Iran: An integrated review. Nurs Midwifery J 2017;15:313-28.  Back to cited text no. 6
Williams SA, Schreier AM. The effect of education in managing side effects in women receiving chemotherapy for treatment of breast cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum 2004;31:16-23.  Back to cited text no. 7
Barandeh M, Mehdizadeh Toorzani Z, Babaei M, Sharifian R. Effect of self-care on quality of life in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Nurs Midwifery J 2017;15:199-207.  Back to cited text no. 8


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